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What Injuries Can You Get from a Car Crash?

Some of the physical injuries people can sustain in motor vehicle crashes include:

Head Trauma

Car crashes can cause a person to experience a powerful blow to the head, resulting in a traumatic brain injury (TBI). According to Mayo Clinic, one can sustain anywhere from a mild concussion that heals itself with time to a severe TBI like a skull fracture, brain hemorrhage, and torn brain tissue that leads to permanent impairment, altered states of consciousness, or death.

Spinal Cord Damage

The Mayo Clinic reports that fractured vertebrae in the neck or back can cause weakness or paralysis. Spinal cord injuries can happen in a high-speed crash or a parking lot fender-bender. When the damage to the bundle of nerves in the spine happens lower in the back, the person may be unable to walk again.


Whiplash is damage to the soft tissue around the bones in the neck. The name “whiplash” comes from the head and neck getting snapped back and forth suddenly from the force of the collision, like a cracking whip.

Mayo Clinic reports that rear-end crashes cause many whiplash injuries. Some of these neck injuries heal relatively well with conservative treatment, and the victim will start to feel better within a few months.

Not everyone has a desirable outcome after sustaining whiplash. Underlying conditions like arthritis or previous injuries can contribute to complications that can cause years of pain, stiffness, and decreased range of motion.

Chest Injuries

Broken ribs and other chest injuries can happen in a collision when the driver’s body slams into the steering wheel or a passenger hits the dashboard or back of the seat. Airbags can also cause chest injuries.

The Mayo Clinic reports that even if the ribs do not break, a cracked rib can cause extreme pain. Some people suffer a punctured or collapsed lung or severed blood vessel from a jagged piece of a broken rib.

Fractured Bones

Broken bones in the arms or legs are common injuries from car crashes. The body gets flung about inside the car. Unsecured objects can go flying in the event of a collision. When part of the vehicle or some other item strikes a person’s arm or leg, a bone can fracture.


Cuts and scrapes can happen in a car accident. Broken glass, sheared pieces of metal, and other things can cause deep cuts anywhere on the body. It is possible to bleed to death from lacerations without prompt emergency medical care.


A contusion is another word for a bruise. MedlinePlus reports that bruises happen when blood pools in an injured area. The risk of a deep or severe contusion is that a blood clot will form, break off, and travel to the heart, lungs, or brain, causing a heart attack, embolism, or stroke.


If a vehicle catches on fire from an accident, the passengers can sustain burns. If the person cannot exit the vehicle, the burns and smoke inhalation can be fatal. If the victim escapes and survives the burn injuries, they can face a lifetime of disfigurement, skin graft surgeries, and agonizing pain.

Ejection Injuries

When a person gets ejected from a vehicle, they can experience multiple injuries. Ejection can involve breaking through the glass of the vehicle, getting struck by another car once outside of the original vehicle, colliding with a stationary object like a tree or post, and impact injuries from landing on the street, sidewalk, or ground.

Facial Trauma

Facial injuries are common in car accidents. The Cleveland Clinic reports that in addition to lacerations, contusions, and burns, a person can sustain facial fractures.

If there is also nerve damage, the person may lose the ability to make facial expressions, move the eyes or mouth, or have touch sensation in areas of the face. Facial injuries can also interfere with the individual’s ability to breathe, smell, chew, swallow, or talk.

In addition to functional impairment, facial trauma can leave a person with disfiguring permanent scars. These injuries and complications can impact a person’s quality of life.

Getting Legal Help for Your Injury Claim from a Car Accident

You want a personal injury law firm that is compassionate and takes the time to listen to you. The Cochran Firm – Nashville could be what you are seeking. If you or a loved one suffered injuries in a car accident, our team will fight to hold the people who hurt you accountable for your losses.

Depending on the circumstances of your case, you could be entitled to compensation for medical expenses, lost wages, lost earning capacity, miscellaneous expenses, pain and suffering, and mental anguish.

You can call us today at 615-678-6278 to get started. The initial consultation is free, and there is no obligation. We handle cases on contingency which means you pay us no attorney’s fees unless and until you recover compensation.

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