According to a report from the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, the following data was reported for fatal and injury crashes involving large trucks. In 2018 there were approximately 499,000 police reported crashes involving large trucks in 2018. Of those, 121,000 crashes resulted in injuries and 5,096 truck crashes resulted in fatalities.
This translates into 13.5 fatal large truck crashes per million people in the United States, which is a 27 percent increase from the 10.6 fatal large truck crashes per million people in 2010. On average, in 2018, there were 1.12 fatalities in fatal crashes involving large trucks. In 90% of those crashes, there was only one fatality. The majority (82%) of fatalities were not occupants of the large truck.
The majority, 62 percent, of fatal large truck crashes involved two vehicles. Single-vehicle crashes, including pedestrian, nonmotorized vehicles and bicyclists, made up 21% of all fatal crashes and 13% of all injury crashes.
Fatal crashes involving large trucks often occur in rural areas and on interstate highways, with 57% of all fatal crashes involving large trucks occurring in rural areas and 26% occurring on interstates. Thirteen percent of fatal crashes occurred in both categories, rural, interstate highways.
Collision with a vehicle in transport was the first harmful event in 73% of fatal crashes involving large trucks and 84% of all injury large truck crashes. Overturn/rollover was the first harmful event in 4 percent of all fatal crashes involving large trucks and 2 percent of all nonfatal crashes.
The vast majority of fatal crashes (83%) and non-fatal crashes (88%) involving large trucks occurred on weekdays (Monday through Friday). Thirty-six percent of all fatal crashes and 23 percent of all injury crashes occurred at night during the hours 6:00 p.m.-6:00 a.m.
In 2018, 30% of work zone fatal crashes and 10% of work zone injury crashes involved at least one large truck.